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windows平台下编译比特币bitcoin客户端

转载于CSDN,出处:
http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_5922b3960101s5j9.html
很多朋友都知道如何在linux平台如何编译比特币程序,但是,到了windows平台,
就会感觉到无从下手. 其实, 比特币程序是跨平台的.
    你要编译windows版的比特币程序,基本上有两种方法,一种是在linux平台
(推荐ubuntu 13.10)通过交叉编译的方法来编译.另外一种,就是直接在windows平台编译.
我想,你既然要在windows平台使用,我就详细介绍一下如何在windwows平台编译比特币程序.
我的平台:windows7
第一步:安装变编译环境QT和MINGW,msys
  1、msys是一个在windows平台模拟shell的程序。
   
访问http://sourceforge.net/projects/mingw/files/Installer/mingw-get-setup.exe/download
下载安装程序之后,通过安装管理程序,按安装以下内容:
From MinGW installation manager -> All packages -> MSYS
选中以下安装包
msys-base-bin
msys-autoconf-bin
msys-automake-bin
msys-libtool-bin
点 apply changes开始安装。他会自动下载安装好。
需要注意的是,确保不要安装msys-gcc和msys-w32api ,因为这两个包和我们的编译系统发生冲突。
很多人出现一些莫名其妙的问题,就是因为这两个包。
2、安装 MinGW-builds
 访问
http://sourceforge.net/projects/mingw-w64/files/Toolchains targetting Win32/Personal Builds/mingw-builds/4.8.2/threads-posix/dwarf/i686-4.8.2-release-posix-dwarf-rt_v3-rev3.7z/download
下载并解压缩 i686-4.8.2-release-posix-dwarf-rt_v3-rev3.7z 到C盘根目录  C:\
注意我的目录结构。你尽量和我一样。
3、设置PATH环境变量,将C:\mingw32\bin;添加到第一个。
4、在命令行模式下输入 gc -v 会得到以下内容
c:\gcc -v
Using built-in specs.
COLLECT_GCC=c:\mingw32\bin\gcc.exe
COLLECT_LTO_WRAPPER=c:/mingw32/bin/../libexec/gcc/i686-w64-mingw32/4.8.2/lto-wrapper.exe
Target: i686-w64-mingw32
Configured with: ../../../src/gcc-4.8.2/configure –host=i686-w64-mingw32 –build=i686-w64-mingw32 –target=i686-w64-mingw32 –prefix=/mingw32 –with-sysroot=/c/mingw482/i686-482-posix-dwarf-rt_v3-rev3/mingw32 –with-gxx-include-dir=/mingw32/i686-w64-mingw32/include/c++ –enable-shared –enable-static –disable-multilib –enable-languages=ada,c,c++,fortran,objc,obj-c++,lto –enable-libstdcxx-time=yes –enable-threads=posix –enable-libgomp –enable-libatomic –enable-lto –enable-graphite –enable-checking=release –enable-fully-dynamic-string –enable-version-specific-runtime-libs –disable-sjlj-exceptions –with-dwarf2 –disable-isl-version-check –disable-cloog-version-check –disable-libstdcxx-pch –disable-libstdcxx-debug –enable-bootstrap –disable-rpath –disable-win32-registry –disable-nls –disable-werror –disable-symvers –with-gnu-as –with-gnu-ld –with-arch=i686 –with-tune=generic –with-libiconv –with-system-zlib –with-gmp=/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static –with-mpfr=/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static –with-mpc=/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static –with-isl=/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static –with-cloog=/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static –enable-cloog-backend=isl –with-pkgversion=’i686-posix-dwarf-rev3, Built by MinGW-W64 project’ –with-bugurl=http://sourceforge.net/projects/mingw-w64 CFLAGS=’-O2 -pipe -I/c/mingw482/i686-482-posix-dwarf-rt_v3-rev3/mingw32/opt/include -I/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-zlib-static/include -I/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static/include’ CXXFLAGS=’-O2 -pipe -I/c/mingw482/i686-482-posix-dwarf-rt_v3-rev3/mingw32/opt/include -I/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-zlib-static/include -I/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static/include’ CPPFLAGS= LDFLAGS=’-pipe -L/c/mingw482/i686-482-posix-dwarf-rt_v3-rev3/mingw32/opt/lib -L/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-zlib-static/lib -L/c/mingw482/prerequisites/i686-w64-mingw32-static/lib -Wl,–large-address-aware’
Thread model: posix
gcc version 4.8.2 (i686-posix-dwarf-rev3, Built by MinGW-W64 project)
至此,你的开发环境已经搭建好了,很简单吧
第二部分:下载bitcoin引用的外部库
我们把它们全部放在 C:\deps目录下
2.1 安装OpenSSL下载:http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1g.tar.gz
 进入启动 MinGw shell 比如目录:(C:\MinGW\msys\1.0\msys.bat)运行这个msys.bat,就会启动一个shell环境,提示符是$
输入命令
cd /c/deps/
tar xvfz openssl-1.0.1g.tar.gz
cd openssl-1.0.1g
Configure no-shared no-dso mingw
make
等待几分钟后,就把openssl编译好了。
2.2 下载Berkeley DB 访问: http://download.oracle.com/berkeley-db/db-4.8.30.NC.tar.gz
我们推荐使用  4.8版本 
同样在msys shell环境下输入以下命令
cd /c/deps/
tar xvfz db-4.8.30.NC.tar.gz
cd db-4.8.30.NC/build_unix
../dist/configure –enable-mingw –enable-cxx –disable-shared –disable-replication
make
等待编译
2.3 安装Boost,下载地址: http://sourceforge.net/projects/boost/files/boost/1.55.0/
msys命令:
cd C:\deps\boost_1_55_0\
bootstrap.bat mingw
b2 –build-type=complete –with-chrono –with-filesystem –with-program_options –with-system –with-thread toolset=gcc variant=release link=static threading=multi runtime-link=static stage
2.4 安装Miniupnpc 下载地址: http://miniupnp.free.fr/files/download.php?file=miniupnpc-1.9.tar.gz
cd C:\deps\miniupnpc
mingw32-make -f Makefile.mingw init upnpc-static
2.5下载 protoc 和 libprotobuf:
Download and unpack http://protobuf.googlecode.com/files/protobuf-2.5.0.zip
 msys shell命令
cd /c/deps/protobuf-2.5.0
configure –disable-shared
make
2.6 qrencode:
下载地址: http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/libpng/libpng-1.6.10.tar.gz?download 
命令
cd /c/deps/libpng-1.6.10
configure –disable-shared
make
下载 http://fukuchi.org/works/qrencode/qrencode-3.4.3.tar.gz ode:
cd /c/deps/qrencode-3.4.3
LIBS=”../libpng-1.6.10/.libs/libpng16.a ../../mingw32/i686-w64-mingw32/lib/libz.a” \
png_CFLAGS=”-I../libpng-1.6.10″ \
png_LIBS=”-L../libpng-1.6.10/.libs” \
configure –enable-static –disable-shared –without-tools
make
2.7 安装 Qt 5 库
下载和解压缩
http://download.qt-project.org/official_releases/qt/5.2/5.2.1/submodules/qtbase-opensource-src-5.2.1.7z
http://download.qt-project.org/official_releases/qt/5.2/5.2.1/submodules/qttools-opensource-src-5.2.1.7z
在 windows命令行输入:
set INCLUDE=C:\deps\libpng-1.6.10;C:\deps\openssl-1.0.1g\include
set LIB=C:\deps\libpng-1.6.10\.libs;C:\deps\openssl-1.0.1g
cd C:\Qt\5.2.1
configure.bat -release -opensource -confirm-license -static -make libs -no-sql-sqlite -no-opengl -system-zlib -qt-pcre -no-icu -no-gif -system-libpng -no-libjpeg -no-freetype -no-angle -no-vcproj -openssl-linked -no-dbus -no-audio-backend -no-wmf-backend -no-qml-debug
mingw32-make
set PATH=%PATH%;C:\Qt\5.2.1\bin
cd C:\Qt\qttools-opensource-src-5.2.1
qmake qttools.pro
mingw32-make
3. 下载Bitcoin 0.9.1 地址: https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/archive/v0.9.1.zip
在msys shell下输入以下命令行:
cp /c/deps/libpng-1.6.10/.libs/libpng16.a /c/deps/libpng-1.6.10/.libs/libpng.a
cd /c/bitcoin-0.9.1
./autogen.sh
CPPFLAGS=”-I/c/deps/boost_1_55_0 \
-I/c/deps/db-4.8.30.NC/build_unix \
-I/c/deps/openssl-1.0.1g/include \
-I/c/deps \
-I/c/deps/protobuf-2.5.0/src \
-I/c/deps/libpng-1.6.10 \
-I/c/deps/qrencode-3.4.3″ \
LDFLAGS=”-L/c/deps/boost_1_55_0/stage/lib \
-L/c/deps/db-4.8.30.NC/build_unix \
-L/c/deps/openssl-1.0.1g \
-L/c/deps/miniupnpc \
-L/c/deps/protobuf-2.5.0/src/.libs \
-L/c/deps/libpng-1.6.10/.libs \
-L/c/deps/qrencode-3.4.3/.libs” \
./configure \
–disable-upnp-default
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